Are Your Ancestors Polish?
If you are of Polish origins it means that technically you are already a Polish citizen and you can apply to have it “confirmed” by proving your heritage. It doesn’t matter where you were born; what matters is who your ancestors were. You don’t even have to speak Polish.
As the first step, people applying to the Polish authorities to have their citizenship confirmed need to establish whether their parents, grandparents or great-grand parents were Polish citizens. Normally, you only need one of your ancestors to have had Polish citizenship for you to qualify. To do that, they need to provide evidence, which can be problematic due to the passage of time, lack of documents or other events that make it difficult to prove the blood ties between applicants and their ancestors. Whilst the Polish authorities may assist with some research, the burden of proof lies with the applicants themselves and without proper documentation, cases can drag on for years.
One of the main conditions for a successful application is that the applicants’ ancestors need to have been born in Poland (or one of the former Polish territories) and resided there after 1920, when the first Act on Citizenship in Poland was ratified.
Editor’s Note: In case you are not eligible for Polish citizenship, there are other attractive jurisdictions for obtaining a coveted second passport that are cause for optimism. Be sure to download our comprehensive guide on one of the easiest countries to get a second passport in.